Helping achieve optimum movement
Optimal function depends on synergy between the muscles that control movement (the synergists and stabilisers) and those that create the movement (prime movers).
Pain and dysfunction can occur when there is a lack of coordinated muscle activity, balance and/or proprioception. Movement depends on a complex interaction between the motor programs in the brain, receptors that provide feedback / feedforward, joint stability, and activation of specific muscle groups.
The sensorimotor system is responsible for this interaction and control of the interplay between prime movers and synergists. Studies have shown that the stabiliser muscles tend to switch off due to pain and/or lack of use. This leads to impaired quality movement, decreased strength and control, tiredness and poor performance. Even when the original pain subsides, the program can remain ‘switched off’, leading to chronic dysfunction and additional pain. These conditions become chronic or recurrent without active treatment.